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Title: Physical, chemical and thermal characterization of a Colombian clay
García León, Ricardo Andrés
Goméz, July Andrea
Jaramillo, Haidee Yulady
Keywords: Arcilla; bloques granulometría; hidrometría; mineralogía; mejoramiento.
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher: Talal K. Kassem
Citation: García-León, R. A., Gomez Camperos, J., & Jaramillo, H. Y. (2020). Physical, chemical and thermal characterization of a Colombian clay. International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering, 20(05), 225–234.
Series/Report no.: GINSTI;ART08
Abstract: Clays are used as raw materials of the ceramic industry for construction and other industries, which are poorly understood to the laboratory level. The purpose of this study was to obtain an optimal clay mixture for a company localized in Ocaña, Norte de Santander, Colombia. Initially, the physical characterization of five different types of soil formations was developed to determine the optimal clay mixture for the manufacture of masonry products for construction. The granulometry, hydrometry, and plasticity index results of the raw material, based on the Winkler diagram, were analyzed using ternary plots to select the m7 mixture. The behavior of the mixture m7 obtained by mixture statistical design was analyzed in all technological aspects considering ideal test conditions and thus obtain a graph of the behavior in cooking from the test of drying, water absorption, flexural strength, XRD, XRF, SEM-EDS, AFM, and thermogravimetry, and in this way control at this important stage process. The alumina, iron oxide, and silica oxide are the main compounds on the mixtures and, therefore, the high dependence of the cooking behavior due to chemical reactions of the clays and the processing during the stages of the production process.
ISSN: 2077-124X
Appears in Collections:Artículos

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